When it comes to providing the right amount of space for beef steers, the amount of square footage needed can vary depending on a few factors. Generally speaking, 200 to 500 square feet per head is recommended, though this number can be affected by the geographical location, size of the animal, and topography. The number of cattle in a pen can range from 60 to 150 heads. The Midwest Planning Service has an excellent publication entitled “Cattle Housing and Equipment Handbook” which provides diagrams of work facilities, barn design, and space requirements for livestock in many different scenarios.
For cows that weigh between 1,000 and 1,300 pounds, the barn space required is 20 to 30 square feet. If the cattle have access to a lot adjacent to the barn, this number can be reduced to 35 to 50 square feet per cow. However, it is important to note that these numbers are just general guidelines and may not be sufficient for all beef steers. Depending on the breed and size of the animal, more space may be needed in order to ensure their health and wellbeing.
For example, larger breeds such as Angus or Hereford may require more space than smaller breeds such as Charolais or Simmental. Additionally, if the cattle are kept in a confined area with limited access to pasture or hay, they may need more space than if they had access to these resources. In addition to providing adequate space for beef steers, it is also important to consider other factors such as ventilation and temperature control. Proper ventilation is essential for keeping the air quality healthy and preventing the spread of disease.
Temperature control is also important for keeping the animals comfortable and preventing heat stress. When it comes to providing adequate space for beef steers, it is important to consider all of these factors in order to ensure their health and wellbeing. By taking into account the breed, size, geographical location, and other factors, you can ensure that your cattle have enough room to thrive.